The hive is made up of very few products, but each one of them elaborates an essential function for the future of its guests. All made by bees for the proper functioning of the colony. Here we explain briefly each one of them.
It is the main and best known product of the hive. Honey is derived from the transformation of the nectar of plants. This nectar is deposited in the alveoli and then converted into honey thanks to the mixture made by the bees inside. The nectar we could say that it is the donation that the flowers make to the bees so that in return you are pollinated their species, since the bee can travel in a day hundreds of flowers, practically pollinating all of them.
Rich in proteins, it serves as food for the larvae of bees. Bees have access to a wide variety of flowers because the beehive is nourished by all the properties that the pollens possess. Thanks to these the hive will grow quickly. The pollen is collected in the doors of the hive thanks to a narrowing of this, where the bee detaches it from the legs and deposits it in a box that is placed at the entrance to the hive.
Honeydew is a sugary substance that is created by the bite of several insects (aphids, etc.) on the leaves of trees. This molasses is a sweet liquid that bees store in the hive as nectar and give a special honey. Sometimes, in the firs and pines there is a lot of aphid bites, producing large amounts of honey spray, as is known in some regions, and harvesting a good cut of this type of honey.
It is produced through plants and shrubs. It is a kind of resin found in the buds of trees. The bees collect it and use it in the hive to protect themselves from external elements, it is a true antibiotic. The propolis is also known as an antiseptic that today is being used a lot in humans for the treatment of ailments. It is found in the hive attached to the frames and is collected by scraping the frames where the bees have stored it. It is widely used to treat sore throats.
It is the only food consumed by the queen bee. To produce a good royal jelly and in quantity, the nurse bee has to be well nourished and nourished with honey. Thanks to royal jelly, the queen can live up to 4 years, an age well above that which the worker bee can live, which is around 20, 40 days. Royal jelly is a very important source of vitamins, minerals and large amounts of nutrients. Nowadays, royal jelly is very consumed by humans to provide energy and health.
It is the bees' glands that produce the wax. Wax is a complex mixture of organic compounds where more than 300 chemical components have been found. Primarily the bees use the wax to build their cells and be able to house the honey and serve as a "nest" for the larvae.